In the’50s, the European roller (Coracias garrulus) was mentioned as a common species in Serbia in most literature sources. However, due to the agriculture intensification, use of pesticides, change of permanent grassland to other land use, and the intensification of forest management (leading to loss of old trees), the suitable habitat for the species has disappeared, as well as appropriate nesting sites, pushing the species to a dramatic decrease. The constant decline of the European Roller became a threatened species in Serbia. Still, several conservation actions have been carried on to help the species recovery and nowadays is included in the Red List of Birds Species in Serbia as Near Threatened.
The European Union Delegation through the Project “EU for Natura 2000 in Serbia” promotes the improvement of the conservation status of the European Roller (Coracias garrulus) in the Republic of Serbia.
Mr. Antoine Avignon, Project Manager at the European Union of the Republic of Serbia, highlighted the importance of the conservation of this bird species.
“Due to human actions, some species are not capable of recovering their good conservation status by themselves; however, small actions can make a big difference and this is the case of the European Roller, whose population has increased in recent years in Serbia thanks to various in-situ conservation actions, including increasing the availability of breeding sites.”
The Project “EU for Natura 2000 in Serbia” is working on identifying the future Special Protection Areas for bird species, according to the implementation of European Directives in the country. The European Roller is one of the project target species. The European Roller is the only member of Coraciidae found in Europe, where its blue and chestnut plumage is unmistakable. Rollers are primarily insectivorous and are associated with warm and open landscapes. It is a migrant species, which spends the cold winter in Sub-Saharan Africa, returning to Europe during the breeding season.
But, the lack of suitable nesting sites seems to be the factor most limiting the recovery of its population, based on the experiences of previous conservation actions. One of the important methods to preserve the European Rollers population in Serbia is increasing the number of breeding places.
A total of 150 nest boxes have been installed in different localities in Serbia; Monoštor, Mokrin, Novi Kneževac, Siget, Valesnica, Korbovo, Vajuga, Kumane, Basaid, Novo Miloševo, Sombor, Bezdan, Radojević, Sivac, Gornji Breg, Jazovo, Čoka – Crna Bara, Srpski Krstur, Prigrevica, Apatin, Karavukovo, Svilojevo, Prigrevica, Beljina – Barajevo, Boždarevac – Barajevo, Subotica, Horgoš, Martonoš, Kanjiža, Mali Pesak, Bačka Topola, City of Vršac and village of Tavankut/Žednik.
These nest boxes have been installed before the arrival of the species from its migratory area. All nest boxes have been built according to specific dimensions and characteristics based on the experience and species needs. They are monitored also now, after breeding success, with the aim of continuing the research of the species biology and its migratory behaviour. Adults and chicks were ringed during this action, which will make it easier to monitor them.